Perspectives for the Aeronautical Research in Europe PARE

Duration: 01.10.2017 – 30.09.2020

Project management: Dr. Martin Schmuck


H2020-EU.3.4. - SOCIETAL CHALLENGES – Smart, Green and Integrated Transport
MG-1-5-2016-2017 – Identification of gaps, barriers and needs in aviation research (CSA)

Partner: Instituto Superior Tecnico IST (POR), Inovamais  - SERVICOS DE CONSULTADORIA EM INOVACAO TECNOLOGICA S.A. (POR), ZAPOROZHYE MACHINE-BUILDING DESIGN BUREAU PROGRESS STATE ENTERPRISE NAMED AFTER ACADEMICIAN A.G. IVCHENKO (IP) (UKR), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid UPM (SPA), Universitatea Politehnica Din Bucuresti (ROM), National Aviation University (UKR), Ferronats Air Traffic Services SA (SPA), Innpuls Spolka Z Ograniczona Odpowiedzialnoscia (POL), Innpuls Spolka Z Ograniczona Odpowiedzialnoscia (ITA), Izmir Katip Celebi Universitesi (TUR), Quasar Human Capital, Unipessoal LDA (POR), Vilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas Viesoji Istaiga (LVA), Sata Internacional - Azores Airlines SA, PROJECTO, EMPREENDIMENTOS, DESENVOLVIMENTO E EQUIPAMENTOS CIENTIFICOS E DE ENGENHARIA (POR)


The overall objective of PARE is to trigger collaboration between European stakeholders to support the achievement of the Flightpath 2050 goals, by providing yearly reports (and respective methodology) that assess the progress, gaps and barriers and propose suitable measures to close the remaining gap. The main outputs of PARE are three yearly reports on the “Perspectives for Aerospace Research in Europe” that use specific benchmarks to assess the progress towards each of the 23 Flightpath goals and the gap remaining.

Duration: 01.07.2013 – 30.06.2016

Project management: Dr. Colin God

Partner: AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH Wien (COORDINATOR), AVL List GmbH Graz, LKR Leichtmetallkompetenzzentrum Ranshofen GmbH, Technische Universität Graz (ICTM)

To create an alternative battery system with regard to lithium-ion technology the development of an efficient and rechargeable 3 V Magnesium-Ion battery is envisaged in order to contribute to the enhancement of safety, rate capability und environmental sustainability of energy storage systems.

Keyfactors such as anode, cathode and electrolyte are in the research focus to realize the ambitious goals of this 3 V light metal energy storage system. On the one hand the optimization of the metallic Magnesium anode concerning a highly reversible Mg-deposition and dissolution is imperative. Therefore, the improvement of a non-aqueous electrolyte system is required that is compatible with the cathode in further consequence. Moreover, the synthesis of a new cathode material is of fundamental importance to enable a 3 V Magnesium-Ion battery system in general. In comparison to Lithium systems it is possible to develop Mg-batteries with an exceedingly high energy density (~ 500 Wh/kg vs. ~ 300 Wh/kg for Li) with significantly less expensive costs for the fabrication of Magnesium metal anodes by a factor of 24.

Duration: 01.10.2013 - 31.03.2016

Project management: Dr. Martin Schmuck

Funding: Graphene Falgship Programme

Partner: Graphenea S.A. (ESP), STMicroelectronics SRL (ITA), Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (ITA), Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus VTT (FIN), University of Cambridge UCAM (UK), Nokia UK (UK)


Flexible electronics is the next ubiquitous platform for the electronics industry. It is making truly conformal, reliable or even transparent electronic applications possible in the foreseeable future. Graphene, as a thin flexible ultra-strong film and an extremely good conductor, is the most natural choice for flexible electronic systems. Graphene will be also an enabling platform for a plethora of applications, in a way similar and complementary to the present silicon technology. The consortium involved in the project aims to cover the full supply chain from basic materials such as inks and graphene substrates, to component development and finally to full flexible system integration.

One key aspect is to develop graphene based-flexible energy storage and harvesting devices. Graphene exhibit specific capacities up to 744 mAh/ g in lithium ion batteries and capacitances much higher than for activated carbon nowadays used in electrochemical double layer capacitors. Furthermore graphene is a promising candidate as conducting agent for several components used in electrochemical power sources.

Duration: 01.10.2013 – 31.10.2016

Project management: Dr. Harald Kren

Funding: FP7-ENERGY-2013-1 (Project nummer: 608491)


The present project aims at improving the performance of LiB and supercapacitors. This step requires a deep understanding of interfaces and interphases evolution within the electrode in cycling in order to control and improve their properties as addressed by the Topic ENERGY.2013.7.3.3

We propose in this project to create a network of multiprobe characterization techniques in order to investigate these interfaces and their behavior through in situ/in operando methods. The goal is to control and then optimize the negative electrode/electrolyte interface (active material morphology and functionalization, electrode formulation, electrolyte formulation) by investigating structural, chemical and morphological changes during electrochemical cyclability. Deep insight in the process will be gained through a network of classical and advanced techniques of characterization including large scale instruments (synchrotron and neutron beam) to investigate the electrodes at molecular and atomic scale cross with a series of operand studies on model systems coupled with numerical simulations. The new data collected therein will lead us to propose enhancement strategies, which will be tested for performance and security, searching for “the fundamental basis for the next innovative generation of large electrical energy storage devices” (grid-scale). Since the project aims to improve interfacial and accompanying transport behavior, we do not propose major efforts to develop new materials and we will focus on Silicon nanopowders and graphene as active or additive materials.

Duration: 01.10.2010 – 31.12.2013

Project management: Dr. Harald Kren

Funding: Kompetenzzentrenprogramm COMET der FFG

Partner: Polymer Competence Center Leoben (AUT); TU Graz – ICTM (AUT); ISOVOLTAIC AG (AUT)

This project targets on the establishment of electrochemical power storage devices based on polyradical cell reactions. So-called “organic radical batteries” (ORBs) allow higher rate capability and extended cycle life (>1000 cycles) compared to other battery types, but still exhibit high charge/discharge capacities (~ 200 mAh/g).

In the 1970s secondary organic batteries were described by Heerer et al. using doped polyacetylene. Intensive research resulted in matrix polymers ensuring charge transfer by electron-hopping along various, redox-active side chains. The most common example for a cathode active material is represented by the 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl (TEMPO) unit immobilized at an polymer matrix. The working principle is based on nitroxide radicals getting oxidized to oxoammonium cations during the charging step, followed by the corresponding back reaction during the discharge step.

Based on the state of the art, this promising power storage device is investigated together with the Polymer Competence Center Leoben (PCCL) and the Institute for Chemistry and Technology of Materials (ICTM, TU Graz).

Duration: 01.10.2009 – 30.09.2013
    TUGraz: 01.10.2009 – 30.06.2011
    VMI: 01.07.2011 – 30.09.2013

Project management: Dr. Bernd Fuchsbichler

Funding: Neue Energien 2020 (2. Ausschreibung)

Partner: Platingtech Beschichtungs- GmbH (AUT)

The goal of the NEULIBE project is to improve energy and power density of Lithium -Ion batteries by the use of three-dimensional current collectors based on metallized polymer non wovens.

Currently copper and aluminum foils are mostly used as current collectors in lithium ion batteries. Because they offer, apart from a certain roughness of their surfaces, basically only a 2-dimensional area of contact to the rest of the electrode components, thereby only a relatively small contact area between these foils and the electrochemical active material is given. The resulting poor electron transport may be one of the reasons for poor electrode kinetics and rate capability of such electrodes.

Three-dimensional current collectors have a significantly larger contact area than the above-mentioned current collector foils, whereby the electrical connection of the active materials is remarkably improved. A further advantage of three dimensional current collectors consists in an improvement of the mechanical stability of such electrodes by embedding of the active material into the three dimensional network of the current collector. This is essential especially in the use of high-capacity anode materials (for example silicon or tin), since these active materials are associated with major volume changes during lithiation and delithiation.

Therefore, three-dimensional current collectors have the potential to become a key technology for the next generation of lithium -ion batteries.

Duration: 01.09.2012 - 31.08.2015

Project management: Dr. Martin Schmuck

Funding: Electromobility ERA-Net Plus Initiative

Partner: Fraunhofer IWS (GER); TU-Dresden (GER); SGL Carbon GmbH (GER); Uppsala University (SWE); Scania CV AB (SWE)

Main objective is the development of a new full cell concept for a next generation lithium sulphur battery with significantly enhanced properties. Prototype cells with energy densities larger than 400 Whkg-1 and cycle life over hundreds of cycles are expected as a result of this project. To reach this goal, close cooperative work on different components of the battery cells is necessary. Most important aspects are the material chemistry of the sulphur cathode and the electrolyte system to be combined with lithium anodes.

Duration: 01.01.2011 - 31.12.2013

Project management: Dr. Martin Schmuck

Funding: FWF (Kooperatives Projekt)

Partner: Leibniz-Institut für Polymerforschung Dresden (GER); Institut für Optik und Atomare Physik - TU-Berlin (GER); Universität Ulm (GER)


The main objective of the project is development of approaches, which will allow design Lis-S batteries increase of energy density up to 750 Wh/kg combined with high reversibility of charge-uncharged cycles. In particular, we will develop and investigate novel intercalated cathodes, which are hierarchically structured on both micro and nanoscale.

Duration: 01.02.2013 - 31.01.2017

Project management: Dr. Martin Schmuck

Funding: FP7-NMP-2012-LARGE-6; Projektnummer: 309530

Partner: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft (GER); CVD Technologies Ltd. CTEC (UK); Beneq Oy (FIN); EADS Deutschland GmbH (GER); Regatron AG (SUI); Tyndall National Institute (IRL); University of Salford (UK); Technical University Dresden (GER); Research Centre for Natural Sciences (HUN); HTM Reetz GmbH (GER); FMP Technology GmbH (GER); Freitaler Geräte- und Werkzeugbau GmbH (GER); Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (SUI); Inventux Technologies AG (GER); Solibro GmbH (GER); SolarPrint Ltd. (IRL); University of Manchester (UK); LayTec in-line GmbH (GER); B-nano Ltd. (ISR); Centre Suisse d Electronique et de Microtechnique (SUI)

The Project focuses on the direct growth of aligned carbon nano-tubes (CNT) on electrode surfaces in a roll-to-roll process (R2R). The CNT material has major potential for use in high capacity batteries (sulphur battery) as well as hybrid capacitors with high power density which have been identified as key components for next generation energy storage systems. To achieve a further substantial increase of the electrode capacity the CNT`s need to be coated by a (low) nano-scale conformal layer which will be provided by AP-ALD.Alternatively, wet chemical infiltration of Li2S or sulphur into the nano-porous structure will be developed for the battery electrode manufacturing.

Duration: 01.01.2011 – 31.12.2013

Project management: Dr. Harald Kren

Funding: FP7-NMP-2009-SMALL-3 (Project number: 246073)

Partner: Commissariat à l’ Energie Atomique (FRA); Centre National de la recherche Scientifique (FRA); University of Cologne (GER); Lancaster University (UK); Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (ESP); Centro Ricerche Fiat SCPA (ITA); VARTA Microbattery (GER)


Within the last years nano-structured films gained enormous importance in electrical (transistors) optical (OLED), magnetical and electrochemical (batteries and super capacitors) applications. One of the most promising applications within these materials is the induction of graphene in lithium ion batteries. On the one hand graphene may serve as active material in negative electrodes or, on the other hand, graphene may represent a promising conducting agent at the negative and positive electrode. Next to lithium ion batteries graphene represents an auspicious material for the application within electrodes for super capacitors.

Theoretically the lithiation of graphene results in the establishment of LiC3 with a theoretical maximum capacity of 744 Ah/kg, combined with an outstanding electrical conductivity.

Together with seven excellent partners within the consortium and funded by the 7th framework program of the European commission, Varta Micro Innovation investigates the applicability of graphene for lithium ion battery application.


Duration: 01.03.2010 – 29.02.2020

Project management: Dr. Bernd Fuchsbichler

Funding: Horizon2020 - NMP-16-2015 (Project number: 685716)

Partner: VARTA Microbattery GmbH (GER), Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (FRA), University of Warwick (GBR), EurA Consult AG (GER), Uppsala University (SWE), Materials Center Leoben Forschung GmbH (AUT), VARTA Storage GmbH (GER), University of Warsaw (POL)


The Sintbat project aims at the development of a cheap energy efficient and effectively maintenance free lithium-ion based energy storage system offering in-service time of 20 to 25 years. Insights gained from advanced in-situ and in-operando analysis methods will be used for multi scale modelling targeting on the simulation of aging mechanisms for a reliable lifetime prediction and enhancement. In addition, the latest generation of anode materials based on silicon as well as a prelithiation process for lifetime enhancement will be implemented in the cell manufacturing process. The implementation of high energy materials combined with a low cost and environmental benign aqueous cathode manufacturing process will lead to remarkable cell costs reduction down to 130 € per kWh. This will enable battery based storage system for an economic reasonable price of less than 400 € per kWh (CAPEX) and will lower the OPEX down to less than 0.09 € per stored kWh for the targeted in-service time of 20 to 25 years (10,000 cycles). The technical developments will be supported by the set-up of a relevant roadmap as well as a catalogue for good practice. To guarantee the highest possible impact for the European economy the Sinbat consortium installed an Industrial Advisory Board including various European battery material suppliers, cell manufacturer and end-users whereby the whole value added chain in this way is completed within the Sintbat project. This strong interaction of the Sintbat consortium with relevant stakeholders in the European energy economy will assure that battery based energy storage systems are becoming an economic self-sustaining technology.


Duration: 01.03.2010 – 29.02.2020

Project management: Dr. Harald Kren

Funding: NMP-03-2015 Manufacturing and control of nanoporous materials (Project number: 686163)



The main idea of POROUS4APP project is based on the fabrication of functional nanoporous carbonaceous materials at pilot plant scale from natural resources (polysaccharide). The process for nanoporous carbon fabrication is already well known as one of the POROUS4APP partner has developed the STARBON® technology at TRL5 which consist of swelling, drying and pyrolysis of natural resources and in this case Starch. What POROUS4APP project will bring to the European community is the development of new metal/metal-oxide doped-nanoporous carbonaceous materials based on a known technology. This technology needs to be upscaled and modified to enable a full flexibility of the material characteristics to be applied to various industrial applications.
The use of abundant renewable resources like starch has been proven to be a low cost and reliable raw material source for industrial production of carbonaceous materials having porosity in the nanometer range. In POROUS4APP it will be intended to produce not only carbonaceous nanoporous materials but carbonaceous material with enhanced functionality by using impregnation and sol/gel strategy. This will allow POROUS4APP materials to reach the challenging requirements of state of the art high added value materials at lower cost for applications in energy storage such as lithium-ion battery and also in chemical catalysis process. These applications need materials with well defined porosity to reach high efficiency level of their functional systems.